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Content about Microbiology

December 2, 2011

Says smaller African countries have laws against discrimination while Nigeria is lagging

Edward Ogenyi, the National Coordinator, Network of People Living With HIV and AIDS in Nigeria (NEPWHAN,) has urged the Senate to pass the anti-stigma and discrimination bill before it.

Ogenyi made this known in Abuja on Thursday during the celebration of the World AIDS Day.

He emphasised the need for the bill to be passed before the country hosts the world in 2012 under Abuja+10.

November 30, 2011

The agency hopes to immunise nearly 70 percent of the country’s population against the disease

In a bid to put an end to the spread of Cerebrospinal Meningitis (CSM) in the country, the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) has said that it plans to introduce new vaccines for the control of the disease.

Mohammed Adamu, Head of Accelerated Disease and Control at NPHCDA, who revealed this on Monday in Abuja, said that the new vaccine, MenAfriVac, gives immunity of up to 10 years, unlike the previously used vaccine which provided immunity for just two years.

Adamu said that the NPHCDA will commence treatment of victims in two phases.

November 29, 2011

NACA statistics also reveal that more women than men are living with HIV in the country

The National Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS (NACA) has said that no fewer than 70,000 babies are born with HIV/AIDS annually in the country.

The Director-General of the Agency, John Idoko, revealed this at an event held to mark the World AIDS Day in Abuja.

He said that the prevalence of the disease in women was greater than in men, with about 1.7 million Nigerian women living with the disease.

November 28, 2011

The check-up was organised by Global Harvest Church for residents of the Agidingbi axis

About 70 percent of the children who attended a free medical check-up organised for Agidingbi residents in Lagos State were diagnosed as malnourished.

About 80 percent were diagnosed with Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI), while 50 percent had malaria.

The check-up, which held at the Agindingbi Town Hall over the weekend, was organised by the community service group of Global Harvest Church in collaboration with the community’s development association and traditional ruling council.

November 26, 2011

WHO says polio cases in the country have decreased by 95 percent as compared to 2009

The fight against polio in the country may have suffered a huge setback as the World Health Organisation (WHO) has said Nigeria recorded a four-fold increase in the disease in 2011.

WHO spokesperson for the polio programme, Oliver Rosenbauer, who made the disclosure, added that Nigeria re-infected three neighbouring nations which had formerly been declared polio-free.

Rosenbauer, however, maintained that polio cases have decreased by 95 percent as compared to 2009, and remain only where local leaders have not taken initiative for the cause.

November 13, 2011

Free immunisation shots are also to be given to the women in designated health care centres in the state

Oyo State Governor, Abiola Ajimobi, on Saturday said there would be free immunisation and malaria treatment for all pregnant women in the state for the duration of one week.

November 9, 2011

Over 100 pilgrims were affected by suspected food contamination from vendors.


Not less than 100 Kaduna State's hajj pilgrims to Saudi Arabia have been affected by an illness suspected to be gastro-enteritis, Dr. Ibrahim Kana, the head of the Federal Medical Team, confirmed.

November 3, 2011

A survey by the health ministry indicates people are more forthcoming about their status

The Zamfara Action Committee on AIDS (ZAMSACA) says a survey conducted in the state has shown that the number of people living with HIV reduced from 3.5 per cent in 2001 to 2 per cent in 2009.

The survey was conducted by the Federal Ministry of Health.

November 1, 2011

The workshop aims to educate stakeholders on specific prevention and treatment interventions.

As part of continuing efforts by ECOWAS to address the issues through intensified public awareness, a five-day workshop on drug use and HIV risk among youth in West Africa will open in Accra, Ghana, today, November 1, 2011.

October 29, 2011

The Australian government pledged $50m and the British, £40m to the global eradication of the scourge

President Goodluck Jonathan, on Saturday in Perth, Australia, announced that the Nigerian Government will commit $60 Million over the next two years to eradicate polio from Nigeria.

Speaking at a Global Polio Eradication Initiative event held at the ongoing Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Jonathan said he will inaugurate a Special Task Force headed by the Minister of State for Health, Dr. Mohammed Pate, to oversee and coordinate a national campaign for the eradication of polio, as he pledged during a recent meeting with Bill Gates.

October 27, 2011

 The outbreak was caused by a mutating polio vaccine

Health officials in Nigeria are fighting an unusual polio outbreak.

October 19, 2011

The resurgence of Avian Influenza in humans has been reported in some parts of the world.

Against the backdrop of the threatened global resurgence of Avian Influenza, the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) is to convene a meeting of stakeholders to strategise towards preventing the transmission of the infectious virus in Nigeria. 

October 14, 2011

The bacterium that causes the disease, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is highly adaptable

Doctors in the United Kingdom have warned that gonorrhea is now resistant to the antibiotic drug used in its treatment, Cefixime.  Coming on the heels of this announcement is the discovery of a new strain of gonorrhoea, discovered by Japanese scientists called H041.

October 4, 2011

American Bruce Beutler and French scientist Jules Hoffmann shared the 10 million-kronor ($1.5 million) award with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman

Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries about the immune system that opened new avenues for the treatment and prevention of infectious illnesses and cancer.

September 30, 2011

The federal government partners Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to eradicate the scourge by 2013

The federal government has said it will constitute a special team to oversee an all-out effort targeted at the total eradication of polio from Nigeria within twenty-four months.

September 28, 2011

Nigeria is one of only four countries where polio has never been eradicated.

Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is currently in Nigeria to discuss polio eradication and strengthening of immunization against other vaccine-preventable diseases amid a resurgence of polio cases in the West African nation.

September 9, 2011

A new law in the state seeks to protect carriers of the virus from stigmatisation.

The Cross River State Government has passed a law that allows people who stigmatise HIV/AIDS carriers to be imprisoned.

This was disclosed at a one-day awareness workshop organised by the Cross River State Agency for the Control of Aids (SACA).

September 1, 2011

All wards of the General Hospital,occupied by infected persons.

Three persons have died from the outbreak of Cholera in Bogoro Local Government of Bauchi State.

The deaths were confirmed by the Medical Officer, General Hospital, Boto, Dr. Adamu Sambo when he received drugs donated to victims by a member of the House of Assembly, representing Lere/Bula State Constituency, Iliyasu Zwall. 

August 28, 2011

Donation of food and clothing items were made to the lepers in kwali as Sallah gift.

Saratu Shazin, Wife of the Kwali Area Council Chairman, has donated clothing materials and food items to Lepers in Alheri Special Village in Kwali Area, in Abuja.

According to Shazin, the donation was to give the lepers a sense of belonging during the Sallah celebration.

She said the donation was part of the council's commitment to ensure that the less-privileged in the society are catered for.

August 22, 2011

Vendors have been banned from selling food as cholera breaks out in an area notorious for poor sanitation

Four people have died while 16 others are critically ill as a result of a cholera outbreak in some parts of Ibadan North West Local Government Area of Oyo State.

Acccording to Wasiu Olatunbosun, the caretaker Chairman of the LGA, steps have already been taken to prevent the disease from spreading to other parts of the city. He said that health officers have treated water wells with chlorine. These wells are the major sources of water in the area. Adjoining areas have also been fumigated.

August 21, 2011

Anambra children are getting exposed to polio, tetanus, measles, diphtheria, tuberculosis (TB) and whooping cough

Doctors under the aegis of Association of General and Private Medical Practitioners of Nigeria (AGPMPN) have raised alarm over the sale of vaccines in open markets in Onitsha, Anambra.

“They (vaccines) are not preserved in the cold chain necessary to maintain their potency and are therefore either just impotent or pure poison,” Dr Jide Onyekwelu said.

Onyekwelu is the Chairman, AGPMPN Anambra chapter; an affiliate of the Nigeria Medical Association (NMA) spoke on Saturday in Abagana near Awka.

August 20, 2011

The state recorded one case of the virus in the last 10 years

The Abia Government has launched a campaign to sustain the achievements recorded in the state in the eradication of polio. The state recorded one case of polio in 10 years.

Speaking at a Polio Eradication Rally in Umuahia on Friday, Governor Theodore Orji said the state had implemented a laudable project aimed at saving the lives of children under the age of five. He added that the project is directed toward achieving the Millennium Developments Goals (MDGs).

August 18, 2011

An estimated 250,000 targeted children fail to be immunised as junior medical workers in the state stopped work since May

As the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) steps up its campaign against polio, the strike by medical and health workers has continued to hamper polio immunisation in Adamawa State.

Junior health workers, demanding the implementation of the Harmonised Tertiary Salary Structure enjoyed by other categories of medical workers in the state, had in May embarked on an indefinite strike following a disagreement with the government over pay rise.

June 9, 2011

German variant of E.coli, known as 0104, is a hybrid of strains that can cause kidney and brain damage called "uremic syndrome"

Participants at the International Institute for Journalism (IIJ), Germany,  has been warned against eating raw vegetables.

Mrs Hans- Jurgen Bosel, an official of the International Institute for Journalism (IIJ), Germany,  gave the warning, which she explained, was because of E.coli bacteria. 

Bosel, emphasized that  prevention remained the only solution to the illness and that her warning was specifically to  a group of 15 journalists attending an eight- week GIZ Environmental Reporting course in Berlin.